Photo by Ahmed akacha

Cholera affects many people worldwide yearly, mostly in places without clean water and sewage systems. This article explores cholera’s causes, symptoms, and prevention to save lives and promote sanitation.

Since the start of the cholera outbreak among countries, government institutions and health organizations have discussed the causes, symptoms, and prevention of cholera. In January 2010, a strong earthquake (7.3 on the Richter scale) struck Haiti’s capital, Port-au-Prince, leading to significant risk due to aftershocks, weak buildings, and high population density. The earthquake caused a catastrophic humanitarian crisis, with 316,000 dead, 350,000 wounded, and 1.5 million homeless. After a year, reconstruction faced difficulties amid political concerns linked to Michel Martelly becoming president.

Soon after the quake, another crisis emerged—a cholera epidemic. In October 2010, cholera cases were found, spreading rapidly, with 900 deaths within a month. By October 22, a national health emergency was declared as the epidemic reached all of Haiti’s ten departments. To date, 439,604 people have been affected, and 6,226 have died due to cholera. This combination of earthquake devastation and subsequent cholera outbreak added immense challenges to Haiti’s recovery efforts, impacting the lives of its people and posing complex problems for reconstruction. This book promotes leadership development with Fritznel D Octave.

“Haiti Between Pestilence and Hope” by Fritznel D. Octave

The book “Haiti Between Pestilence and Hope” by Fritznel D. Octave gives a short yet complete look at Haiti’s history in society, politics, and money. In only eight parts, it talks about the calm time before the colonizers came, the impressive win for freedom, and the ongoing fights. With fair thinking, Octave looks into Haiti’s problems, disagreements, and money troubles. The book shows a proper picture of its people. It finds problems, examines why they happen, and gives ideas for improvement. Anyone who wants to know about Haiti’s past, now, and what might come next should read this book. It’s suitable for students, workers, and people who make choices.

Cholera: Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

What Is Cholera? 

Cholera is a severe sickness caused by tiny germs called bacteria. These germs get into your body when you eat or drink something contaminated with them, often in dirty water or food. Cholera can make you very sick, especially in your stomach and intestines. It causes terrible diarrhea and vomiting, leading to dehydration – when your body doesn’t have enough water. If not treated quickly, cholera can be dangerous and even deadly. Clean water, good hygiene, and proper medical care are essential to prevent and treat cholera.

Cholera affects many people worldwide yearly, mostly in places without clean water and sewage systems, like undeveloped countries and refugee camps. Outbreaks, more likely in warm climates, can follow disasters damaging sewage systems, such as earthquakes. While rare in developed countries like the US, travelers should know about cholera abroad.

What Are the Symptoms of Cholera?

When someone has cholera, they might have specific symptoms. These include watery diarrhea, which means going to the bathroom often and losing fluids. They might also throw up repeatedly. This can lead to their body becoming very dry, which we call dehydration. Dehydration can make them feel weak, dizzy, and tired. Sometimes, their skin might look wrinkled and their eyes sunken. If they have these symptoms, getting help from a doctor is essential. Cholera can be treated with medicine and fluids to make them feel better and prevent worsening sickness.

How to Prevent Getting Cholera?

You’re less likely to get cholera if you don’t live in or visit places with bad sanitation. But if you’re in a cholera area, you can do some things to prevent getting sick:

  • Don’t drink tap water, use it for washing, or have ice made from it.
  • Avoid raw seafood and make sure the food is cooked.
  • Drink bottled, boiled, or treated water.
  • Eat packaged or freshly cooked food.
  • Make water safe: boil, add iodine, or use chlorine tablets.
  • Wash fruits, veggies, and hands with soap and clean water.
  • Use hand sanitizer if needed.

How is Cholera Treated?

1. The primary way to treat cholera is by giving fluids through the mouth or a vein.

2. When sick, they might need both fluids and antibiotics. This is true for pregnant women and those with other health problems.

3. Antibiotics are given when the patient can take pills. The type of antibiotic depends on local patterns of resistance. Doxycycline is often used first for adults and kids, but azithromycin and ciprofloxacin can be used if needed.

4. During outbreaks, testing should check if antibiotics work against the germs causing cholera.

5. Antibiotics are used with lots of fluids, not to prevent cholera.

6. Doctors and supplies are essential for giving antibiotics the right way.

Share This